Caring for your rabbit
Overgrown teeth or dental malocclusion is one of the most common problems in rabbits encountered by vets and may result in the rabbit having to be put to sleep if not treated at an early stage.
Rabbits' teeth grow constantly throughout their life and if there is not enough fibre in the diet, or if the teeth are not aligned properly, then they will overgrow.
The dangers of overgrown rabbit teeth
Overgrown teeth become spiked and will start cutting into the side of the mouth and the tongue causing mouth infections, ulcers and inability to pick up food and eat it. Remember rabbits need to eat continuously to support their gut flora.
Signs of overgrown rabbit teeth
Clinical signs include anorexia, weight loss, salivation or dribbling and potentially the growth of abscesses around the face and jaw. Eye infections and matted droppings around the tail base may be an indication of dental disease.
Malocclusion of rabbit teeth
In some rabbits, a malocclusion (misalignment) of the incisor (front) teeth is congenital ie present from birth and these rabbits will need treatment and possibly tooth removal.
Acquired malocclusion occurs in older rabbits and is thought to be primarily diet related. A correct diet is essential to your rabbit's and problems can occur particularly if your pet is not eating enough fibre, in the form of hay, grass and vegetables, to wear down the teeth at a sufficient rate.
Tooth growth in rabbits
Problems can also arise if your rabbit refuses to eat the pelleted part of a dry feed diet since these pellets contain calcium and phosphorus essential for good bone and tooth growth. Rabbits need regular teeth checks and these should be carried out at the time of vaccination.
Birch Vets Oxton
21 Birch Road, Oxton
Monday-Friday, 9am - 6.30pm
Sunday: 10am for emergencies
Call us on 0151 652 3284 (24hr number)
Birch Vets Moreton
46 Upton Road, Moreton
Monday-Friday, 9am - 10am
Call us on 0151 677 6872
Birch Vets Thingwall
527 Pensby Road, Thingwall
Monday-Friday, 9am - 10am, 4pm-5pm
Call us on 0151 648 8488